Recycling and Recycled Glass Surfaces Created in the ToughGlaze TG Magna Range
In the last few years, the world has become so much more focused on clean energy including the importance of recycling and the use of recycled materials in building projects.
What is recycling?
Recycling is converting a waste product into reusable material to prevent it from being taken a landfill to break down over hundreds, if not thousands of years. Recycling ensures products are sorted and repurposed for another use, wherever they can be.
Why should we recycle?
This might seem like a common sense approach, however, there are still a lot of people who don’t recycle. For many who recycle, they do it because it makes them feel empowered as they are taking small steps towards a cleaner planet for our children, animals and the environment.
Recycling is hugely important as landfill waste has a negative impact on the natural environment. Harmful chemicals and greenhouse gasses are released from rubbish in landfill sites and recycling helps to reduce the pollution caused by waste.
What are the benefits of recycling?
Recycling protects the environment and reduces the need for extracting (mining, quarrying and logging), refining and the processing of raw materials, all of which create substantial air and water pollution. As recycling saves energy it also reduces greenhouse gas emissions, helping to tackle climate change.
- Reduced Energy Consumption
- Decreased Pollution
- Environmentally Friendly
- Slows the Rate of Resource Depletion
- Fights Global Warming
- Decreases Landfill Waste
One of the main disadvantages of recycling is how much it costs, however, the benefits outweigh the cost to the UK’s economy. There are now strong new recycling targets across the EU to make sure that every country is playing its part in the recycling journey we all need to make.
What is glass recycling?
Glass recycling is the processing of waste glass into usable products. Glass waste is separated by chemical composition, and then, depending on the end use and local processing capabilities, it might also be separated into different colours. Many recyclers collect different colours of glass separately as glass retains its colour after recycling. The most common types of glass used for consumer containers are colourless glass, green glass, and brown or amber glass. Glass is ideal for recycling as none of the material is degraded by normal use.
What can recycled glass be used for?
Glass bottles and jars are 100% recyclable and can be recycled endlessly without any loss in purity or quality. The container and fibreglass industries collectively purchase 3 million tons of recycled glass annually, which is re-melted and repurposed for use in the production of new containers and fibreglass products. ToughGlaze uses 100% recycled glass in the production of products in our TG Manga range.
How is glass recycled?
The glass is taken from the recycling centres and taken to glass treatment plants. The glass is sorted by colour and washed to remove any impurities, crushed and melted and then moulded into new products such as; bottles, jars, kitchen worktops, glass walls and many more products. It can also be used for alternative purposes such as glass brick manufacture or decorative uses.
90 percent of all the glass recycled, goes to the container industry to make bottles and jars. Container manufacturing requires high-quality cullet that is free of contamination from different coloured glass and non-glass materials, such as bottle caps and labels. Cullet is crushed rejected glass and a glass batch traditionally consists of 25 to 60 percent cullet.
Uses for recycled glass include:
- Fibreglass insulation products
- Ceramic sanitary ware production
- As a flux in brick manufacture
- Agriculture and landscape applications, such as top dressing, root zone material or golf bunker sand
- Recycled glass countertops
- Water filtration media
- ToughGlaze TG Magna Products
- Glass is 100% recyclable and can be recycled endlessly without loss in quality or purity
- Glass is made from readily-available domestic materials, such as sand, soda ash, limestone and “cullet,” the industry term for furnace-ready recycled glass
- The only material used in greater volumes than cullet is sand. These materials are mixed, or “batched,” heated to a temperature of 2600 to 2800 degrees Fahrenheit and moulded into the desired shape
- Recycled glass can be substituted for up to 95% of raw materials
- Recycled glass reduces emissions and consumption of raw materials, extends the life of plant equipment, such as furnaces, and saves energy
- Recycled glass containers are always needed because glass manufacturers require high-quality recycled container glass to meet market demands for new glass containers
- Recycled glass is always part of the recipe for glass, and the more that is used, the greater the decrease in energy used in the furnace. This makes using recycled glass profitable in the long run, lowering costs for glass container manufacturers and bringing huge benefits to the environment
- Glass containers for food and beverages are 100% recyclable, but not with other types of glass. Other kinds of glass, like windows, ovenware, Pyrex, crystal, etc. are manufactured through a different process. If these materials are introduced into the glass container manufacturing process, they can cause production problems and defective containers
- Furnace-ready cullet must be free of contaminants such as metals, ceramics, gravel, stones, etc.
- Colour sorting makes a difference. Glass manufacturers are limited in the amount of mixed colour-cullet (called “3 mix”) they can use to manufacture new containers. Separating recycled container glass by colour allows the industry to ensure that new bottles match the colour standards required by glass container customers
- Some recycled glass containers cannot be used in the manufacture of new glass bottles and jars or to make fibreglass. This may be because there is too much contamination or the recycled glass pieces are too small to meet manufacturing specifications. It may also be due to there not being a nearby market for bottle-to-bottle recycling. This recovered glass is then used for non-container glass products. These “secondary” uses for recycled container glass can include tile, filtration, sandblasting, concrete pavements and parking lots
- The recycling approach that the industry favours is any recycling program that results in a contaminant-free recycled glass. This helps ensure that these materials are recycled into new glass containers. While the curbside collection of glass recyclables can generate high participation and large amounts of recyclables, drop-off and commercial collection programs tend to yield higher quality recovered container glass
Glass Recycling Statistics:
- Glass bottles and jars are 100% recyclable and can be recycled endlessly without any loss in purity or quality
- The container and fibreglass industries collectively purchase 3 million tons of recycled glass annually, which is re-melted and repurposed for use in the production of new containers and fibreglass products.
- Over a ton of natural resources are saved for every ton of glass recycled
- Energy costs drop about 2-3% for every 10% cullet used in the manufacturing process
- One ton of carbon dioxide is reduced for every six tons of recycled container glass used in the manufacturing process
- In 2013, 41.3% of beer and soft drink bottles were recovered for recycling, according to the U.S. EPA. Another 34.5% of wine and liquor bottles and 15% of food and other glass jars were recycled. In total, 34% of all glass containers were recycled, equivalent to taking 210,000 cars off the road each year.
- Glass bottles have been reduced by approximately 40% weight over the past 30 years
- Recycled glass is substituted for up to 95% of raw materials
- Manufacturers benefit from recycling in several ways—it reduces emissions and consumption of raw materials and extends the life of plant equipment, such as furnaces, and saves energy
- Glass recycling uses less energy than manufacturing glass from sand, lime and soda.
Toughglaze Recycled Glass
TG Magna is the newest innovative material to hit construction, architecture and design industries. The material is made entirely from 100% recycled glass from industrial glass production waste. Achieving a true circular eco outcome from its manufacture to the application.
The special optical characteristics of TG Magna come to the fore in many internal applications and the options are endless.
Backlighting – creates exciting design options, using RGB LEDs to generate colour palettes
Edge lighting worktops – creates a truly contemporary and softly lit worktop in homes and businesses
Complex shapes – offering the edge work as a feature of a worktop
The most common fixing system for façade applications uses a specially developed fixing from Fischer Fixings Germany. Façade panels for this system will be prefabricated at ToughGlaze’s London based headquarters including drilling and placement of the secret undercut anchor.
Toughglaze TG Magna Recycled Glass Production Process
The waste glass material is inspected then broken in a controlled manner into shards. The glass is then put through a complex sintering process, without any need for pressure or binding additives, using only temperature, care and attention to produce a unique product that displays random, yet even details.
TG Magna is available in a range of finishes to suit various applications:
- Patinated Finish (textured)
- Polished Finish (face only)
- Polished Finish (both faces)
- Thickness 21mm
- Patinated Sheet Size 3500mm x 1500mm
- Polished Sheet Size 3400mm x 1450mm
Toughglaze’s Colour Range of TG Magna Recycled Glass:
TG Ocean Blue – Sourced from recycling blue coloured mineral water bottles or beer bottles.
TG Light Grey – Made from the production waste of metallic laminated solar shading glazing.
TG Polar White – Waste glass from the protective ultra-white glass used in PV production.
TG Ice Nugget – Sourced from recycling 6-8mm low iron glass waste.
TG Jade – Sourced from recycling float glass waste, whereby it’s iron content provides the green hue.
TG Black – Produced from the defective production of grey float glass.
TG Champagne Brown – Sourced from the production waste of brown champagne and beer bottles.
TG Green – Sourced from recycling green beer bottles.
If you would like any information on our TG Magna Recycled Glass, how it can be used, ideas and our service, please give us a call on 0208 8384400 and one of our experts will help with your specific enquiry.